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 اهم الباراجرافات المتوقعه لامتحانات الثانويه بمرحلتيها الاولى والثانيه 2012

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مستر/عطيه الخضرى

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الجنس : ذكر
العمل : مدرس اول لغه انجليزيه
الاقامة : قلين
عدد المساهمات : 111

مُساهمةموضوع: اهم الباراجرافات المتوقعه لامتحانات الثانويه بمرحلتيها الاولى والثانيه 2012   الإثنين يناير 30, 2012 4:25 pm

[center] Paragraphs
I -The problem of over – population مشكلة الزيادة السكاتية
It has become clear that over population in Egypt is a serious problem. It results in
other more serious problems. Our youth can't find a flat to marry in or a suitable job
to start their life. There is also a possible shortage of food. Our cities became very crowded,
they lack the needed infrastructure for living.
So it has become a must that we should invade the desert . The government does its best to encourage people to have small families through public awareness programmes on TV. and papers. It send campaigns to remote and small villages to offer people information about birth control
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2- Charity Societies الجمعيات الخيرية
Charity Societies are organizations for helping the poor everywhere. Rich people establish them. They do their best to make homeless and poor children live in a reasonable standard. They offer them care in different aspects. They offer the poor medical care free of change . If they are homeless, they offer them houses and food.
Businessmen have got a duty towards these societies. They should give them support. They can pay a part of their taxesfor these societies. All of us should take part in the activities of these societies. We can donate clothes, money, food or even we can donate efforts to please these poor children.
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3- Computers الكمبيوتر
The computer has a lot of advantages It can store a lot of information; it can do a lot of
calculations in no time. it can pay wages, reserve seats on planes, design buildings, compose music and do many jobs. Doctors also use the computer widely in their job.
But it has also some disadvantages ,it can waste our time if it is used foolishly or if it is used just for fun. it has also a bad effect on our health specially the sight . it also teaches the children violence through playing the computer games. So it is a double-edged weapon.

4-Sources of Clean power in Egypt
Egypt is blessed with a lot of gifts - It is rich in sunshine, water and man power. The sunshine can be a source of energy. It is useful for the growth of animals and plants as well. It can help in producing solar power. Thus, Egypt can be a developed country using a clean source of energy. Water is also plentiful in Egypt. It can be used in planting vast areas of desert land so that we can increase our food production.
However, if we don't employ man power in a proper way,we may spoil our natural resources. Man is the master of all these resources. Plans should be made to benefit fromman power to be able to face any problem in our country.
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5- Technology in our life
Technology is everywhere nowadays. We all enjoy technology but in different ways. Now, we can travel from one place to another very easily, comfortably and fast. Modern means of transport are now supplied with all means of comfort . Space travel is now more possible than it used to be in the past. One day people may be able to enjoy space journeys.
Technology has also played a role in medical care . Now the computer can be used to check people's health accurately. It is also used for teaching. Students can benefit from the internet in their researches as well. No doubt technology has changed our life to the better.
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6- Schools in the Future
I think our school will be completely different in the future. The ministry of education cares about creating a good citizen and a healthy young man as well. More attention will be given to sports. The computer will be used more widely. Every student will benefit from the internet in all aspect of his life. Moreover the students will be encouraged to take part in doing scientific research. This will encourage students to visit libraries more often.
Distance learning will be also the feature of the future. Students can study everything while they are far away from the school. They can take tapes or CD's to enable them to study their subjects at home. We can imagine a more different shape of school than what we see nowadays.
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7- Sports
"The sound mind is in the sound body". This is a true saying, if someone practises sports he will be fit. That's why the ministry of education gives due attention to sports in our schools. Students who get prizes or medals in any sports championship are encouraged a lot. Schools also set up sports competitions and offer prizes for the winners.
The government encourages sports. It sets up youth centres and clubs everywhere to enable everyone old or young to practise sports. Sports festivals are a call for peace and love among nations . So every country gives due care for taking part in the international championships.
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8 -The television
The television is the cheapest means of entertainment and culture . It shows us the current events that take place in every part of the world at the same time. It is also a means of communication. We can learn the language of any nation through its films or serials - We can't forget the educational programmes which attract the students of different stages.
On the other hand it has some disadvantages. It has negatively affected the habit of reading. Most of us don't read much as we are attracted to the television more. Some people waste their time in front of the TV. So we have to use this important invention wisely.
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9- Tourism
Tourism is considered one of the most important earners of foreign currency and national income, .Tourists spend a lot of hard currency during their stay in Egypt.
Tourists like to visit Egypt to enjoy the sun shine, and the wonderful historic places. They like to visit the Citadel, the Pyramids, Luxor and Aswan. They like to see our modern renaissance as well. We should do our best to encourage tourists to visit us again and again. We should establish cheap hotels and tourist villages along our shores.
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10- The role of the youth in development
The youth should first work hard to achieve success. When they graduate from their universities they have duties towards their society . They can share in the social work by working in the co-operative field. They can share in abolishing illiteracy in their villages.
They can take part in reclaiming the desert to increase food production. They can join the army to defend their country in case there is a war. They can also help a lot in solving any problem concerning their society. They should work hard for the welfare رفاهيةof their beloved country Egypt.
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11- Making the best use of spare time"
Time is gold. The time wasted is too hard to regain . So we have to make the best use of our time. If we have a spare time we can make a plan to spend it doing useful things. The wise person is one who spends his / her time carefully in a proper way. Some people prefer to read a useful book, or a story. In this way they increase their information and knowledge in different aspects.
Some others prefer to practise sports. So they renew their energy, activate their minds, and strengthen their bodies. . Young men prefer to spend most of their time playing computer games, which can be useful in developing their abilities and computer skills.
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12- Life in the past & today
In my view, life in the past was quieter and easier. Modern-means of transport tike cars, trains and planes were not there. Consequently, there were almost no air-pollutants. Vast areas of land were cultivated. People depended mainly on agriculture as their main earner.
In the past there was shortage of medical care. Cholera and other serious epidemics were attacking many people for a time. At present, nearly all epidemics vanished thanks to medical care.
Nowadays, we hear every now and then of new discoveries such as the Femto second, and new inventions such as the computerized car. Also there are various means of entertainment. In short, life today has become more complicated.
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13-The Role of universities in Society
The university is not founded only for teaching and learning. It has other purposes. One of which is providing the society with its needs. University graduates are useful members in the society. They help in raising the standard of living. Universities take part in carrying out the development plans by doing scientific research in different aspects They can take part in reclaiming the desert to change it into green lands and increase the food production. They can share in making industrial progress by graduating technicians, and engineers for factories. They can do research to help to reduce air pollution.
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14- Improving our villages
Our villages can be improved by different ways. Fresh water for drinking and electricity must be supplied. Clean and healthy houses must be built; they must include separate places animals. Enough schools must be set up for all children to spread education . Paved roads .and easy means of communications should be set up to enable people to travel from place to place easily. Shops and supermarkets must be found too, in order to provide the people with their needs. In this way we can make our villages a better place to live in.
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15 - The importance of Computers
Thanks to human inventiveness computers now cover all aspects of our life,
Computers help man to extend the power of his mind. Without them, a lot of our technological
miracles would be impossible. Computers are used in hospitals to check patients' records and diagnose some diseases. Schools cannot do without them. They are used in factories and banks to improve and facilitate work. TV, radio, hotels, telecommunications, trains, ships, planes etc... depend on computers in their work. Computers are our servant and not our masters yet. Really, the world of computer is endless
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16" Egypt's achievements
Thanks to the wise policy of the recent government Egypt has achieved daring achievements in various fields to make our life smooth and enjoyable and enable us to face the challenges of globalization. In the field of education, thousands of new schools are being built equipped with computers and internet labs all over Egypt to cope with the world changes. In thefield of agriculture and land reclamation, great projects are being established like Toshka Project in Upper Egypt to increase the area of cultivated land. In the field of industry, investors are encouraged to set up factories and buy the old ones through the privatization programmes to modernize and increase production In the field of transport and telecommunications, new roads and bridges are being built to facilitate traffic and the new centrals are now available to deal with the rapid increase in population. In the field of public health, the health insurance umbrella is covering all classes of people,
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17- Life in the Future
As long as we live, we have to think. Our life in the future will change completely. Computers and internet will occupy our life. So, instead of wasting time going here and there, we will use the internet to get our needs. Students of the future will get the information they need through their computers which will be available and within the reach of their hands –Housewives can shop through the internet and the housework will be done by certain kind of robots. Most houses will be air conditioned and people won't suffer from the heat of the sun. Our factories will be computerized. There will be better means of communications and transport. Scientists will control the weather, so there will be no floods or drought . But I think man will not change.
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18"- Preventing pollution
It isn't acceptable to be in the third millennium and we still pollute our ecology. Individuals, companies and factories should find ways to control their waste. Clean streets and roads are the bad need of every citizen so we shouldn't throw things away in the streets and there must be laws to punish those who break them.
Filters should be fixed in factories to help reduce air pollution. It's our environment and everybody should do their best to leave a happy life. Keeping the place clean would surely avoid us thousands of infectious diseases that may ruin our life and turn our happiness into mirageسراب.
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19"-Unemployment
Unemployment must be rooted out because it leads to further poverty. The government is always encouraging investors to invest their money in establishing new projects and shoulder their responsibilities to provide business opportunities for youth. Giant projects such as Toshka project in the south of the valley, Six October industrial city, reclaiming Sniai, and others with small projects will give a hand to increase different kinds of jobs for those who need them.
Banks are also important, they can lend young people small loans with slight interest to help them set up small industries all over Egypt. When we solve this pressing problem, we will eradicate extremity and terrorism among those poor young people.
************************************************************************************************************ 20"- Zewail and the Femto Second
The secret of a good invention or discovery is simplicity .The Egyptian scientist Dr Ahmed Zewail, the Nobel Prize laureate for Chemistry in 1999, managed to discover the smallest unit of time; in other words, "the femto second". This great work will help scientists to see the chemical reactions and discover new and better drugs for curing many fatal diseases such as cancer.
On behalf of the Egyptian people, President Mubarak awarded Zewail the Necklace of The Nile in recognition of his amazing achievement that raised Egypt's name high in the sky. Hail to Egypt.
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عدل سابقا من قبل عطيه خضرى عطيه في الثلاثاء يناير 31, 2012 3:55 am عدل 1 مرات
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
مستر/عطيه الخضرى

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الجنس : ذكر
العمل : مدرس اول لغه انجليزيه
الاقامة : قلين
عدد المساهمات : 111

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: اهم الباراجرافات المتوقعه لامتحانات الثانويه بمرحلتيها الاولى والثانيه 2012   الإثنين يناير 30, 2012 4:28 pm

21- English and its importance (Learning Foreign Languages)
English is an integral part of your personality, your character and yourself. You can no more get rid of it than your shadow. Knowledge of good English enables you to communicate with foreign friends and countries. It enables you to find a better job because it helps you express yourself and deal with tourists freely.
We cannot cope with the technological renaissance without learning how to use the computer and internet so learning English is a must. When you are armed withـ English, you can understand what is going on around you and you can deal with the knowledge explosion easily without any fear.
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22 ' Electricity and its importance
Thanks to modem inventions and discoveries our life became easy and smooth. What is electricity? It's the mysterious power which is produced by various means e.g. by batteries or generators which provide us with heat, light and sound. It drives machines and different kinds of devices. The progress, man achieves, depends basically on it. Electricity helps man increase production because it drives our factories. It gives us peace because it illuminates our streets, houses, and schools.We can generate electricity from waterfalls, wind and the atomic power as well as the sun. It's a clean and cheap source of energy. Awareness should be spread to cut down its consumption we have to be thankful to God who gives us the blessing of thinking which led man to the use of electricity because its advantages are endless.
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23 - Women's role in our society
We all have rights and duties, so we mustn't forget the work of women in the Egyptian society because they form 50% of Egypt's population. They can work as teachers, doctors, social workers and many others. Women mustn't forget that bringing up children is their first aim to create sound individuals, able to shoulder their responsibilities .so we can't ignore her role in the progress of Egypt. Without all people's help women and men, we wouldn't achieve the expectations of the new millennium,
*************************************************************************************************************24- Money is a good servant but a bad master
No one can deny that money is a mixed blessing. in other words, it is a good servant but a bad master. On the one hand, money helps us to get all our needs but we should not earn it in a dishonest way. With the help of money problems can be solved. Money makes money and with money people can lead a comfortable life.
On the other hand money is the root of all evils. For the sake of getting money some people deceive, kill and commit crimes. Wars are waged and thousands of people are killed because of money.
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25- The duties of young people towards their parents.
It is taken for granted hat we owe much to our parents who looked after us
when we were young. They did their best to provide us with food, clothing, shelter and education. They sat up beside our beds when we were ill. They spared no pains to give us the best start in life. So it is our duty to love and respect them.We have to take their advice and obey their orders .since they have experienced life with its ups and downs. It is also our duty to help them in every possible way. We can do the shopping and help them at home. When they grow old, it is our turn to repay their kindness. We should look after them and provide them with every possible comfort. It is truly said that a good turn deserves another.
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26" Prevention is better than cure
A friend of mine lived in the country. He used to swim and wash himself in the small canal near our village. Many times, I saw him and advised him not to do so to protect himself from Bilharzias but he wasn't listening. He repeated what he was doing for many years until he was ill. A doctor examined him and found that Bilharzias had attacked his liver and other organs of his body. He became ill with worry, weak and pale. He took the required medicine, which cost him a lot of money. I met him later and when he saw me, smiled and said, you were right, prevention is better that cure.
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27-Public Libraries / Reading For All
Never can the importance of reading be denied especially in the age of information technology.The first lady of Egypt realized that fact long before, that's why she launched the call, Reading for All, many years ago. In order to achieve this goal, she called for a library for each house. The government built a lot of public libraries in both rich and poor areas giving a particular attention to children and their needs.The second stage was the moving libraries to serve the children in remote and poor districts. especially in the summer holiday and weekends. Thanks to Mrs. Suzan Mubarak, free reading is now available for every man, every woman, and every child all over Egypt
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28-Made in Egypt / Protecting local products
One should be proud of his country and its local products..Our local products are usually cheaper than the imported ones and sometimes better. In addition, buying our local products creates job opportunities for our youth and brings hard currency اwhich need to import our need.
There is no doubt that our products have the Egyptian tastewhich appeals to us and
Cope with our nature and way of living . Not only this but also
they best cope with our hot and humid weather, with our habits of eating and doing the daily work. Finally, buying our local products increases our national income and raise our standard of living.
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29" Pros and cons of Advertisements
Every time you watch an interesting movie or a video film, ads pop out on the screen to cut the flow of events and get you out of your mood. Ads are also likely to strengthen the time of the movie that you get too bored to watch the end. Sometimes they are vulgar to be watched by the whole family.On the other hand, ads bring a lot of money which encourages TV companies to buy new films and pay money to broadcast football matches. This in turn motivates يحفز production companies to produce more films and programmes of all kinds to sell to private and space channels which buy them to attract more viewers.As for us, ads help us to choose the goods we need easily without spending much time and efforts looking at shop windows here and there.
30'- Political Reform in Egypt / Democracy in Egypt
No doubt that president Mubarak is the pioneer of the recent political renaissance in Egypt.He started the political reform since the very beginning of his ruling era. He gave orders to release the political prisoners shortly after he had received the power. Then, he called all the Egyptians to take part in the political life freely through any political party. In his era the freedom of press law was issued. He called all journalists to publish facts and truth with respect to the rights of others. Finally he called the people's assembly to issue a new law enabling others to nominate themselves to hold the post not after him but from him if they were elected by the Egyptian people. Now we all feel the changes that will end with free practice to democracy in Egypt.
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31'- Bird Flu
Epidemics spread like fire, in a few months the Bird Flue swept all the boundaries of the old world, From China in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The disease caused a lot of horror not only to poultry merchants and breeders but also the mere, poor customers who depend mainly on chickens as their source of Protein. In Egypt the industry of poultry production has nearly come to an end. Farms have been closed. Poultry shops had to change their activity after the great loss they suffered. The government estimated the lossق to be nearly six milliard LE. The government tried to compensate those who have been much affected by this catastrophe to save the Egyptian economy from certain disaster.Finally, we also have a duty to limit the effects of this disease through keeping hygiene and public sanitary, checking up home poultry regularly, getting rid of the affected birds in a scientific way and heading to the doctor's in case of tiny doubt.
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32- Swine flu
The 2009 outbreak of influenza (H1N1) virus or "swine flu" is an epidemic of a new type of influenza virus identified in April 2009. It's caused by a new swine flu virus that has changed in ways that allow it to spread from person to person and it's happening among people who haven't had any contact with pigs. Cases were first discovered in the U.S. . Within days hundreds of suspected cases, some of them fatal, were discovered in Mexico. More cases were found in the U.S. and several other countries in the Northern Hemisphere. The U.N.'s World Health Organization (WHO) expressed concern that the (H1N1) could become a worldwide flu pandemic. Symptoms of swine flu are like regular flu symptoms and include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, body aches, headache, chills, and fatigue
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33 -'English and The Internet
The importance of the Internet grows rapidly in all fields of human life, including not only research and education but also marketing and trade as well as entertainment and hobbies. This implies that it becomes more and more important to know how to use Internet services and, as a part of this, to read and write English. But although Internet services themselves are, generally speaking, easy to learn and use, you will find yourself isolated on the Internet if you are not familiar with English. This means that knowledge or lack of knowledge of English is one of the most severe factors that cause interest . Learning to use a new Internet service or user interface may take a few hours, a few days, or even weeks, but it takes years to learn a language so that you can use it in a fluent and self-confident manner. Of course, when you know some English, you can learn more just by using it on the Internet. So, English and the internet became one face of a coin.
************************************************************************************************************* 34 - Egypt planning nuclear energy project
The 21st Century will be the century of nuclear energy, for widely known reasons: the rising costs of petroleum and gas, and the fact that they are limited, and the proven safety and efficiency of nuclear technology. Egypt currently relies largely on oil and gas for electricity generation, sources that are both expensive and insufficient for the needs of a fast-growing population. With the recent rise in oil and gas prices the government is losing billions of dollars annually in fuel subsidies. Consequently, We must take more advantage of new and renewable energy sources, including the peaceful uses of nuclear energy for civilian purposes.
For this, it has become the responsibility of Egypt toward its future generations to start, now and not tomorrow, reviewing its decision to suspend its nuclear programs. So President Mubarak took a landmark decision in Egypt's history. He called for Egypt to revive plans for a nuclear programs that were shelved in theaftermath of the 1986 disastrous accident at the Soviet nuclear plant in Chernobyl. Egypt will begin building three nuclear power plants soon. Within 10 years of the project's launch, Egypt will have operational nuclear power plants with a combined capacity of 1,800 megawatts. Nuclear power could help Egypt better manage its power resources.
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انفجار الاسعار
We all now suffer from the high rise in prices , this problem is due to a world crisis in food , it is a very dangerous problem , countries must face this problem and put urgent solutions , people must increase production , For government employees the country must raise their salaries , on the other hand those employees must work harder , authorities must keep an eye on the market , they mustn't allow greedy traders to drive prices higher . Due attention must be paid to this matter and never be neglected as it is very serious .
احداث الشغب / العنف

No one can deny the bad effects of violence on man and development , it is the attitude that makes us always lose and never gain anything , it turns any society to ruins, violence is a very bad solution for our crisis, there must be other ways to settle disputes, riot leads to destruction and havoc , security is necessary for thinking and work, but violence creates a state of instability and unrest , . Due attention must be paid to this matter and never be neglected as it is very serious


The dramatic rises in world food prices, created a global crisis, and this caused political and economical instability and social unrest in both poor and developed nations.
global food prices have risen by 75% since 2000, while wheat prices have increased by 200%. The cost of other staplesسلع رئيسية such as rice ,corn and soya bean have also gone crazy, The increasing cost of grains حبوب is also pushing up the price of meat, poultryدواجن, eggs and dairy products.
There are many reasons for the worldwide increases in food prices , first of all droughts in grain producing nations and rising oil prices which heightened the costs of fertilizers, and food transport,. Other causes may be the increasing use of biofuels in developed countries , and the world population explosion These factors, coupled with falling world food stockpilesالاحتياطى العالمى and plunged يقحم humanity into the biggest crisis of the 21st century it is the crises of Food scarcity نقص ندرة which will lead millions of people to face hunger and starvation
High prices have already prompted a string of food protests and riots in different parts of the world, If prices keep rising, more and more people around the world will be unable to afford the food they need to stay alive,. More food riots will flare up تشتعل, and millions of people could die




Terrorism is a dangerous problem, violence is a very bad solution for our crisis, some youth are misled by some wrong believes , they resort to violence to achieve their goals, and all that leads to destruction and havoc , it impedes the way of development, terrorism turns any society to ruins , when the youth are under the effects of ignorance and unemployment, they are more subjected to destructive believes , if we want peace to prevail , we must solve all the problems that may drive people to terrorism.

No one can deny the bad effects of wars on man and development , it is the attitude that makes us always lose and never gain anything , it creates a state of instability and unrest ,security is necessary for thinking and work, the waste resources used in wars can be used in development , peace is more appealing to both body and soul , there must be other ways to settle disputes, wars produce nothing but underdevelopment .




Technological progress enabled man to satisfy all his needs and improve his services , The underground metro is a good example for that , it is indeed a great blessing , it is the fastest , most comfortable and cheap means of transport ,it is fast as there is no traffic crowdedness, it is comfortable as it is clean and not so crowded , the Egyptian metro is the only project in the Middle East area, it is expected to extend to many other regions, one day it may reach the upper Egypt areas,


Moving the statue of Ramses is a great cultural event , that took place lately , that statue was standing there as a witness to the age for long years ,I imagine that the statue had a feeling of home sick now , there was, in my opinion , some kind of rapport between the statue and the place in which it was standing. the process of moving it took great efforts , money and time , it is taken to another place to turn a new leaf ,


The invention of the television is one of the greatest activities of man’s mind .TV plays an important part in our life , it turned our world to a small village , you can see and hear any event wherever it happens. it helps us also to pass a good time , we can benefit from it in our study , it shows a lot of programs in different fields ,


There is no doubt that peace is the dream of all nations, Peace means security and safety ,it is necessary for thinking and work, wars results in damage, ruin, hunger and diseases .In wars no side is winner , but both sides lose a lot , all disputes must be solved in peaceful means , with peace the wheel of production always goes on, peace creates a peaceful atmosphere that enables citizens to work for their progress and welfare, the expenses of wars can be used in reconstruction and development

If you look at the way how you can move from a place to another , or how to move something from a place to another, you will see a great difference between now and the past , long years ago man depended mainly on horses and donkeys now there are roads and railways, thanks to the means of transport the products of any part of the world can be enjoyed everywhere .people use various forms of local transportation like buses and cars, there are also carts and carriages, the underground is fast , cheap and clean , planes also can fly to any part of the world


Newspapers are read by people everywhere in the world , newspapers for some people are the main source of information, they provide us with the latest news , it is the way through which we know what is happening around us , newspapers are windows through which we look and see the pulse نبض of the street , they are the voice of the nation reflecting the opinions of the day , no one can do without newspapers .


School subjects are televised for the benefit of all students everywhere, These lessons are well designed , they are delivered by the best educators, this service is presented in suitable times , they help students get the best marks in all subjects, the educational programmes are explained with very good visual aids , and films , that makes the lessons easier for the students to understand, we should get the best use of these educational programmes .


Globalization is a new system that has appeared recently , it means that the world is one entity , this system forces every country to do its best to improve , they must keep in touch with the latest global developments . Globalization means that all the world has become a small village, in which nothing is behind the clouds. In globalization modern technology facilitates communication and reaction among the different nations of the world .



As a result of the new communication and mass media systems, the world has become a small village , Nowadays you can go round the world while you are at home , you just log onto the internet and you can orbit the world in minutes, thanks to the great communication progress , the whole world is now opened to our eyes and ears. Moreover, the mass media role has made various social changes in the way people live or act.





Some years ago , women stayed at home , they had only to obey their parents and husbands blindly , they had no rights , they were not allowed to complete their education ,they were often illiterate, they didn’t know how to take care of their families . Nowadays they have nearly all their rights , they are free to choose the kind of education they want , and the kind of life they want . Now they join universities and take part in all aspects of life .




Illiteracy impedes the way of development , no progress can be achieved by illiterate people , illiteracy is spread among people of poor communities , it is associated with poverty , people who can’t read or write hardly have any job, they always depend on the others to lead their life we consider them passive citizens, meanwhile the educated person is always independent , he can work and develop his community, the government are always trying to solve this problem throughout the plan to educate the illiterate especially in the countryside areas .





No one can deny the importance of Egypt’s role, it plays a vital role in the Middle East area, it has been always the meeting ground of east and west, Egypt calls for peace based on justice , Egypt has got a fixed policy towards the outer issues , President Mubarak does his best for peace to prevail in the Middle East area, he works hard to solve the Palestinian issue in peaceful means , Egypt are always working hard to create an atmosphere of tolerance and cooperation.


No one can doubt the important role of scientists in our lives. Their discoveries and inventions help man to lead a better life , the TV , for example, has turned our world to a small village , you can see and hear any event wherever it happens. In medicine the medical field has been largely improved , the man now can live longer and healthier. we have sources of heat and energy to protect us from cold and darkness, In agriculture , scientists do their best to produce better crops and increase the productivity خصوبة of land . In industry they improved the ways of manufacturing to get good ,clean and cheap products ,


Tomorrow’s world will be completely different from what is now , computers will change our ways of living , they may solve most problems that threatens man’s life , robots will do the dirty work at homes , they can also do very complicated operations in hospitals , our life wll be more comfortable , man will witness miracles in all fields of life , all impossible things today will be possible tomorrow.


How can we benefit from our spare times especially during our leisure time The summer holiday- for example is the time of ease and rest , but we can do some things during that period that are useful to our society , for example ,we can take part in teaching those who lack schooling in most our villages, youth can also participate in reclaiming the desert , they can take part in the town’s cleaning , and controlling the traffic at big towns, as for women , they can cultivate girls and women in villages , then we will feel more rest and comfortable as we served our country .



Sport is very important in our life , it plays a vital role in forming a person’s character, Sportsmen are always fit and strong .It is a means to make good understanding and harmony among nations. Football is considered the most popular game all over the world. our national team got the African Cup of Nations, they won competition,. They honoured Egypt and all the Arabs . this victory is due to hard wok and sleepless nights , we wish our country more success and progress .

No one can deny the importance of advertisements in the field marketing, Goods depends largely on how to present it to the consumers ,and here comes the role of advertisements which are of many kinds , there are posters which can be put in streets and on walls , there are also electronic boards in squares , we can see some kinds of advertisements on TV and on the radio , newspapers are also a way to advertise some kinds of goods and services ,
Naguib Mahfouz

Naguib Mahfouz was one of the most important writers ,his writings affected the cultural life in Egypt and the Arab world, most of his masterworks were translated into many languages, Half of his novels have been made into films. He was born in Cairo in 1911, he began writing when he was seventeen. His first novel was published in 1939, Mahfouz was employed as a civil servant in many posts ,
. He wrote no fewer than thirty novels, more than a hundred short stories, and more than two hundred articles.. In Egypt, each new publication is regarded as a major cultural event .
Avian influenza
(Birds flu )

Birds flu is an infection that occurs among birds such as chickens and ducks , it makes them very sick , it leads them to death , it can convey the infection to man and cause him to die , the most serious problem is that the infection has spread rapidly . Birds flu has affected one of the most important sources of food and business for man . Great efforts must be done to face that danger , the authorities must offer correct antivirus ,the mass media must spread the awareness of how to Treat with the infected cases .
Pollution

Pollution is one of the most serious problems we face nowadays ,it leads to fatal results for all the living things The land , the sea and the air, all have been polluted by smoke from factroies, cars , ships and chemicals, pollution, spoils our environment , scientists are working hard to solve this problem, on the other side we must work hard to keep our environment pure and clean , we can plant trees and find other clean sources of energy . Pollution is the enemy that we must get rid of soon .
Smoking
There is no doubt that smoking is a fatal habit, it is connected with a lot of deadly diseases , the victims of smoking exceeds the number of the victims of wars and accidents ,it is a main cause of lung cancer heart and chest diseases , smokers don’t only destroy themselves but also the people around them , they are called passive smokers. The mass media must play a role to protect our youth and future.


Sport is very important in our life , it plays a vital role in forming a person’s character, Sportsmen are always fit and strong , sport builds body and mind , it protects us from getting fat and keeps us healthy , the sportsmen are always away from drugs or addiction , practising sport is a good way to spend your free time, sport teaches us courage and cooperation ,


Travelling abroad is very useful , it enables us to see different cultures, it helps us learn new manners of life , people travel abroad for many reasons , they travel for language , experience , knowledge , money , or for pleasure, To travel abroad is better than to stay in one place , but we mustn’t imitate everything blindly , we must choose what goes with our traditions and values .




Tourism is considered to be one of the most important sources of the national income , it offers jobs for a large number of young people , tourists come to Egypt from everywhere to see our glorious history , they enjoy our sights and nice weather. They visit the pyramids and the Sphinx , they enjoy the sunny beaches of the Red Sea , they also visit the historical places in Luxor and Aswan , they enjoy the hospitality of the Egyptian people, tourism offers us a lot of hard currency so we must encourage tourism with all possible means .




At the beginning of the third millenium we have great hopes . Depending on the development of medicine , we hope to see the end of the serious diseases, we expect this millennium to be the end of wars , we hope to enjoy the everlasting peace .Thanks to modern technology our life is better and more comfortable ,.In this new millennium we hope that the scientific progress will certainly solve a lot of problems , and be able to reveal most of the mysterious secrets .



Energy is essential for living things as it allows them to move about , grow and develop . it also makes machines work . Most of the energy used today in homes and industries comes from fossil fuels which have been formed from the decayed animals and plants millions of years ago . This sort of fuel is non- renewable, the energy from the sun , the wind , the water the heat of rocks and even from rubbish is renewable , this sort of fuel may last for ever


Food crisis is One of the most dangerous problems , some places in the world are suffering from hunger, the shortage of food causes the death of both man and animals ,Even plants starve because of lack of water, a hungry world is never a peaceful world , hungry people are never satisfied. There should be food for all people if we want peace and stability , the world must do something to solve the problem of food


The invention of computer is one of the greatest activities of man’s mind , it has got a powerful memory , The computer has the power to calculate and do very complicated problems very quickly , they rarely make mistakes , they are widely used in all fields, scientists use them in their researches, they provide doctors with a lot of facts that help them in heir work , without computers many of our technological inventions would be impossible .

The problem of over population is the problem of the hour , it is a danger that faces our society , the huge increase in population swallow every increase in production , we can solve this problem by going to the desert , we can build new houses there, awareness should be spread in the field of family control , we hope to overcome the bad effects of over population ,we should work together society and government to find the best solutions that save us the troubles of hunger and unemployment .


Education is the mirror of any society .During the reign of president Mubarak, Egypt has achieved great progress in the field of education .Modern technology has been introduced to most schools ,laboratories also and libraries were provided, and all facilities that help learners make their learning better. President Mubark also gave his instructions to improve the financial state of teachers throughout putting new financial cadre for them as he completely believes that improving the position of teachers is the first step on the way of the educational development
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No one can deny that president Mubarak is a great leader . From the very start he began his efforts for the good of Egypt in all fields , he always does his best to develop the economical, social, agricultural, industrial and educational fields , he gave due care to setting up new cities , he wanted to put an end to overcrowdedness .Housing and unemployment were also problems he wanted to solve .Desert reclamation is an important issue that took his main care. Moreover Mubark of Egypt played an important role for peace to prevail all over the world especially in the middle east area.

Alex. Library

The old library of Alex. Was set up in 290 AD to be the meeting ground of the world cultures , and to have all the human thought , long years passed and we set up the new library , it represents knowledge , culture and art, and all the foundations of peace and progress. the new library is considered a treasure for the coming generations , it carries the the spirit of the past and the light of the future , The Arab – co operative market

The idea to have the Arab market is a noble idea , it is a wonderful step on the way of the Arab investment . Egypt is trying hard to achieve this dream , it will support the economy integration of the Arabs , it will help them to face all the challenges of the new world , this market is to activate trade among the Arab countries , it is a strong weapon to face the new world conglomerations تكتلات



The invention of the mobile phone is one of the greatest activities of man’s mind , it helps you to phone anyone at any time and at anywhere, it also enables businessmen to do their work while sitting at home , it enables you to send messages ,you can also log onto the internet , some phones have cameras which enable you to take pictures at any time ,on the other hand, this phone causes some medical troubles , but scientists are working hard to decrease these bad effects .
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How to keep in a good health
Fancy holding my pen to write about this topic ! Wow ! I am sure that everyone will tackle it from a different angle, but I will focus on the main points. What are the various ways through which people can keep good health and fitness ? The answer to this question needs elaboration. To begin with, I'd like to say that there are simple things which help us to be healthy and physically fit. For example, walking for an hour every day is a priceless and easy exercise. It strengthens our muscles. In addition to that, it renews the cells of our bodies. It is also known that practicing a sport like football or tennis renews our energy and refreshes our minds.

I reveal no secret when I say that going to bed early and sleeping for eight hours a day is of great value. We should also eat healthy food containing proteins and vitamins. We mustn't drink wine as it causes serious diseases. We shouldn't drink too much tea or coffee either. Finally, I'd like to point out that what I have just written about this interesting topic is just like adding a drop of water to
The ocean !
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The importance of scientific research

No one can deny the role which the scientific research plays in our life. The improvement of agriculture, industry and medicine achieved in the last centuries was the result of scientific research. Scientific researchers have an important role in solving our problems. There’s no doubt that scientific research plays an essential part in developing our society.
The governments, wealthy businessmen and big companies encourage scholars and researchers. They provide them with the necessary funds الموارد, They equipment the laboratories to carry out their researches. It is no doubt that scientific research is the cause of progress and prosperity.

Development of Education in Egypt


During the reign of President Mubarak, Egypt has achieved great progress in the field of education. Modern technology is introduced in the schools all over Egypt. All schools are nowadays provided with modern laboratories and libraries. Pupils are trained in using computers and log-going on to the internet .
According to the Mubarak kool Project, an agreement is issued between Egypt and Germany to provide the industrial Egyptian schools with the most up-to date techniques, machinery and equipment. I think it is a step forward to achieve progress which we aspire.


Our hopes in the third millennium

At the beginning of the third millennium, we have great hopes. Depending on the great development in the field of medicine, we hope to see the end of the serious diseases. We expect this millennium to be the end of wars, and hope to enjoy everlasting peace.
With the great progress in technology, we are sure to be able to solve our problems. Modern inventions and energy saving appliances and equipment will certainly make our life more comfortable. Scientific research is making great progress in various fields and science will reveal their secrets.





Modern technology plays an important role in the progress of many aspects: industry, agriculture, education, medicine and surgery. By applying technology, modern means of transport are faster, safer and more comfortable. Technology has enabled us to launch satellites
Modern means of communication enable us to get in touch with anybody in any place all over the world. Through the computer we can log onto the internet and surf the Web to get any information we need in any field of knowledgeThanks to modern technology our life became more comfortable and easier
Computers have become one of the necessities of our modern life. A computer has a perfect memory which can store thousands of data items on its hardware or on compact disks and C.Ds.
Through the computer, we can log on to the internet web to obtain any information we need, Thus the computer can help students to learn and do researches, and type and print their papers and theses in the world of business, the computer is used for sending and receiving e-mails and faxes. It is even used for shopping and selling through the Internet. Computer games are very popular among the young and the adults as an interesting means of entertainment.




Pollution is one of the double blessings of modern life. For example, modern means of transport enable man to travel comfortably and fast to any part of the world. Yet, trains, buses, trucks, cars, ships and aero-planes pollute the air with the smoke. Moreover, they cause sound pollution with their sirens horns and the noise of their engines.
In order to reduce the pollution and keep the environment cleaner, scientists made researches and produced fuels without lead additives. New laws are issued banning using harmful chemicals in food production. Planting more trees and fixing efficient filters to industrial factory will help to purify the air and keep the environment clean.




It is said that the youth are “half the present and all the future”. This is really true because the youth of today will be the men of tomorrow. If we don’t find them jobs, they would be idle and a burden on society. They can work under the hardest conditions in the deserts or in very cold climates
It is our duty to create job opportunities for them by carrying out different project which enables doctors, engineers, accountants, farmers to find jobs that suit their abilities and skills.
Even those who are not fit for a certain job can go through different conversion training courses to learn new professions.

Great achievements made in Egypt

Many great achievements have been made in Egypt during the twentieth century. The building of the High Dam South of Aswan was the greatest achievement carried out in the life of Gamal Abdel Nasser. Many other useful projects have been carried out for the good and welfare of the Egyptian people. Thousands of factories were set up to employ thousands of workers and increase the production.
During the reign of President Mubarak, great progress has been achieved in the fields of school ,university ,computer and technology.
Two satellites, Nile sat 1 and 2 are now on orbit. In the field of transport, two underground lines were carried out for the first time in the Middle East and Arab world. The Toshka Project is a great achievement that will use the surplus Nile flood water to reclaim thousands of feddans



The Best Qualities of a Good Friend


In fact man can't live alone. He needs to live with other , but we should be very careful when we choose our friends .The true friend helpful indeed because "A friend in need is a friend indeed"
The true friend is always ready to help his friends and those who are in need .The true friend should also be truthful and honest .He should keep secret and never tell lies .He shouldn't be selfish . Finally we can say that a true friend is as precious as gold .

The job you would like to have when u finish school.


When I finish school I’d like to join the Faculty of Engineering as I’d like to be an architect. I admire modern buildings and our country is in need of constructing thousands of buildings to provide comfortable housing for the youthful families in the new cities. By designing new original houses provided with the modern commodities. I’ll be able to share in solving the problem of the increasing population. I’ll design and build suitable comfortable homes to accommodate for the youth.

Different types of tourism


Tourism is an important source of national income in Egypt. There are different types of tourism which attract tourists to our country. The most common type is travelling for pleasure and relaxation. Tourists from cold countries in Europe, America and Asia come to Egypt in winter to enjoy our warm weather.
Medical tourism also has its resources in Egypt such as the natural hot water springs in El Eein El sokhna, Sinia and the Oases, which cure rheumatism .Some tourists come for adventure and exploration and go hunting wild animals and birds in Sinai, the West Desert, El Fayoum and the Oases. Many International and Arab conferences are held in Egypt where five star hotels, conference halls and centres accommodate for the attendants.

“The advantages and disadvantages of travelling abroad”


Travelling abroad has many advantages. By travelling to other countries, we see and learn a lot about many things, which we would have known nothing about, if we had stayed at home. Many students and scholars travel abroad to learn in the famous European and American Universities Besides many sick people travel for treatment in medical resorts and specialized hospitals abroad.
Thousands of young men travel abroad on business to make money.
Travelling abroad helps the youth to depend on themselves and gain self-reliance.
On the other hand travelling abroad has disadvantages. Homesickness in one of them. Another disadvantage is the possibility of gaining some bad habits which don’t cope with our Egyptian traditions and customs.


Living in the new cities.

Living in a new city has many advantages. New cities usually consist of different modern types of buildings, blocks of flats and villas surrounded with gardens. Flats in the new cities are normally cheaper than those in the old cities. In a new city, the streets are wide and well paved. The air is fresh and free from pollution as there are many lovely parks. You can easily find places for you children in the newly built schools.
New shops and supermarkets will provide the tenantsالسكان with all their needs at normal prices. Modern means of transport link the city with the surrounding cities and the capital. Last but not least, living in a new city is a good chance to make new friends.

Hard work leads to success

No one can deny that hard work is the golden key to success. Work is the only way to achieve our hopes in life, so we must do our best to get what we want .Those who work honestly reach success easily .Any society whose individuals work hard and honestly achieve great progress.
On the other side lazy people can't achieve success and fail in life.They don't work hard but wait for success to come to them.
Last but not least we must work hard and encourage other people to exert great effort to be successful in life.

Unhealthy habits


Unhealthy habits are harmful to the person himself and to those around him.. Smoking is one of the most popular bad habits. It leads to coughing, heavy breathing and cancer the smoker becomes an addict, a slave to the cigarette. Drinking much tea or coffee may lead to insomnia and affect the nerves.
Drinking alcohol spirits makes the person drunk and he becomes an alcoholic who can’t stop the habit which spoils his liver.
To be healthy, wealthy and wise one should avoid falling a victim of any unhealthy bad habit.

The Role of the Egyptian Woman in developing our society


The Egyptian woman plays an important part in developing our society. I think that the wise saying which says: “behind every great man there’s a woman that backs him up”, applies well the Egyptian woman
The Egyptian woman has already achieved her prestige in the high society. She occupies top positions and posts. There’s a woman teacher, doctor, engineer, lawyer, police officer, businesswoman, manager, banker and ever a minister. Mrs. Susan Mubarak, the President’s wife, leads the progress of the Egyptian woman in the field of social work and participates practically in solving our social problems

Money can buy a lot of things but not everything


Money is very important to us. Without money we can’t live. People work hard and do their best to earn as much money as they can. With enough money people can get what they need. Some people think that money can buy any thing and everything but they are mistaken. There are things that money can’t buy.
Money can’t buy health or happiness. Money can’t buy real spontaneous love. With a lot of money a wealthy person may get pretended love and flattery but not real faithful love from the heart.

The importance of reading


Reading books aims at filling the youth’ s leisure time with what benefits them and develop their lingual and cultural wealth. Reading is an interesting mean of spending leisure time and it adds more to our information We have to care for reading at schools and universities. Good books are treasures of human knowledge, wisdom and experience Therefore the government has established many libraries as Alex’s which provided with a lot of books and high technology .
It is the duty of teachers to encourage pupils to read much and develop the habit of reading among them. Mass media should throw the light on reading and its effect on society. Without reading our life would be dull and hard.




One of the main advantages of computers that let you get a lot of information. They let you communicate very quickly , by e-mail or using the internet . children enjoy using computers and this makes learning more exciting and interesting . Anther advantage is the large amounts of information can be stored on computers . Some factory jobs are now done by robots which are controlled by computers .
On the other hand on of the disadvantages of computers is that some children spend too much time playing computer games and thus they waste their time .
Last but not least whatever the drawbacks we cannot do without computers . indeed they have become part and parcel of our existence



Tourism is considered one of the most important earner of foreign currency and nation income tourists spend a lot of hard currency during their stay in Egypt . Tourists like to visit Egypt to enjoy the sun shine and the wonderful historic places . they like to visit the Citadel , the Pyramids , Luxor and Aswan . they like to see our modern renaissance as well . we should do our best to encourage tourists to visit us again and again . we should establish cheap hotels and tourist villages along our shores .





Though learning through the internet has it comfortable attitude , it really has its drawbacks. It shouldn't be the main means of learning and acquiring different types of information. It keeps a student away from the class teacher with whom he discusses the lesson till he is quite convinced, and also from his classmates with whom he participates in the discussion and gets benefit from it.
Besides, students would be able to practise school activities in the different areas. Moreover going to school, and spending a school day there, gives a student the opportunity to express himself in real life situations and find solutions to problems which he might face.




Learning takes place at every moment. We learn all through our lives. The Chinese say that learning takes place from birth to the grave. This shows that learning is a continuous process.
We learn to be fit for the future. We learn to get interesting jobs. We also learn to keep us busy if we have other aims in learning. We learn to develop professionally. We learn to acquire the skill necessary for our future careers. Since the society is all the time changing, so our learning must also develop to keep up with the changing conditions of society.. Life long learning goes hand in hand with self learning.





Camping means living away from home depending on yourself to satisfy your needs. Camps teach us co-operation, self-reliance and love of help to those who need it. Summer camps which suit students most as they are free during the summer.
In schools and at universities there are societies which organize such camps. There are daily camps, weekly camps and even whole summer camps are useful not only to the person but also to the society at large. If we pay attention to camps, we can keep our youth busy make them grow healthy and keep them away from bad habits.





Every country had its own traditions, customs, feasts and happy occasions. We must keep them because they make us different from other peoples of the world. In Egypt, we have religious, national and personal traditions. We have religious feasts which people keep apart from the religious meaning of the feast, children are most happy because it means new clothes. Much pocket money and free time.
National feasts commemorate those who sacrificed their lives, comfort and time for the safety of the country. In fact, national occasions elevate people to the rank of saints. If we just look at the monument of the unknown soldier. We will realize how many people have died as martyrs for their country.


As a matter of fact the number of population is increasing rapidly. There will be a shortage of food unless we increase the area of cultivated.
Reclaiming the desert and changing it into green lands leads to raising the standard of living and puts an end to many of our present problem.
The government does its best to solve the problem of irrigation because agriculture is considered an important source of our national income and hard currency. Reclaiming the desert and increasing the agricultural production help the state to carry out a lot of important projects .


In fact , good health is a valuable thing , a healthy person is always capable of performing well . when you are healthy you are able to go to your work on time . practising exercises is necessary for you to build a strong body . One should avoid the bad habits that cause diseases and destroy health . For example a smoker should give up smoking that causes heart and lung diseases . It is better for a person to prevent himself from disease to seek for cure . We should follow that proverb saying “ prevention is better than cure




Energy has a lot of sources , no doubt the sources of energy divided into renewable and non-renewable . Each of them is very important for us . non-renewable fuels which come from fossil fuels are essential in our daily life because our life depend on them such as petrol and gas which use at homes and factories ,but these sources will run out one day but Allah gives us a lot of sources of energy which last forever such as sun ,wind and water .energy is a gift from Allah so we should save our energy

In the past most societies were male dominated, women were completely deprived of practising their rights , especially the political rights . Women suffered a lot from illiteracy and even gender discrimination. She was not allowed to take part in any social activities or even to express herself freely. She was greatly humiliated and oppressed by man.
At present women asserted all her right including her political rights. They have struggled hard and bitterly to assert such rights and to be treated on an equal footing with man. At present women participate actively in all social and environmental projects .




No doubt , unemployment is a very serious problem in our society . a lot of university graduates cannot find a job after graduation . Now, we have an army of unemployed youth . Such an army could destroy our society if the problem remained unsolved . Some sociologists say that one of the main causes of terrorism and addiction is the problem of unemployment .
A lot of unemployed youth joined terrorist group as a protection against the policy of the state in the field of economy. Thus, unless we helped our youth to start a good life ,they would form a threat to the structure of our society. Finally , the government should be more serious in solving the problem of unemployment




There is no doubt that addiction is a very serious problem in our society . it threatens our youth and destroys their lives Addiction leads some bad people to commit crimes. They kill people and rob banks to get money . they spread fear among citizens and cause great danger to our society .
Therefore , the state works hard to put an end to this serious problem . It struggles against drug-sellers and puts them into prison to protect the society from their evils. Besides, it makes awareness programmes to save our youth from this epidemic .






The youth should first work hard to achieve success. Wishes and dreams all that depend on their struggle . When they graduate from their universities they have duties towards their society . They can share in the social work by working in the co-operative field. The government carries out many projects to let them to share as they can share in abolishing illiteracy in our villages.
They can take part in reclaiming the desert to increase food production. We couldn’t forget that our state opened its training center to train graduations on modern technology and offered job opportunities for them . They can join the army to defend their country in case there is war.

برجراف متوقع هذا العام 2011 ((مصر بعد مبارك ))

Egypt after Mubarak
Egyptians have bravely shown the world how a peaceful revolution can drive positive political change. It is now time to revolutionise the way we deal with each other by creating positive cultural change in Egypt.
If we want to truly be a decent and civil society, let us live the true meaning of dignity and respect for all humankind. Let us also abandon the previous ills in our country, ills in the form of littering our streets, spitting in public and burning trash in residential areas, driving dangerously, not waiting our turn in public lines, and giving or accepting bribes. Let us create order out of chaos so that we can carry out our day-to-day activities without undue stress and hardships.
From this day forward, let us hold each other accountable for the new Egypt we now need to build. Let us say, "No more injustice upon us, no more injustice towards one another, no more injustice to our beloved land Egypt". Surely then, will Egypt be able to realise its many hopes for a better today and tomorrow

Egyptian revolution has begunand is no doubt that dared to stop flooding

“Suppression breeds explosion” Don’t you agree? Well, the Egyptian nation has put up with autocracy and corruption
too long until the day has come when the suffering masses had to scream:
enough is enough!
Jan. 25th 2011 marks a turning point in Egypt’s history. Although it has been less than a month since the Egyptian revolt saw the light, the rewards are beyond belief! Our brave nation finally did it! We stood up as one and shouted out loud: ”No! “ No more corruption! No more suppression of freedom of expression! No more human rights violation! No more unemployment! No more low wages! And the list continues…
For a whole 30 years, few elites! controlled the destiny of an entire nation and cashed billions, leaving more than half the nation poor and underprivileged. Time for this suppressive government to leave! The nation has said its final word and there is no turning back! The earlier the current government realizes that, the better for the sake of everyone! But playing deaf and spreading stupid rumors about the real motives of this bold move will lead them nowhere!
The Egyptian revolution have stunt the whole world, forcing a great country like China to ban the word “Egypt” from local searches for fear the Chinese nation would follow our tracks! Positive energy is contagious!
And for the first time in the history of revolutions worldwide, a staggering 10% of the population participated in what started as a peaceful demonstration and then turned into a tragic bloodshed. Sad but true! But if you come to think about it, the exact same scenario happened in the French revolution and others. Sometimes lives must be scarified to pave the way for major breakthroughs
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
مستر/عطيه الخضرى

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الجنس : ذكر
العمل : مدرس اول لغه انجليزيه
الاقامة : قلين
عدد المساهمات : 111

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: اهم الباراجرافات المتوقعه لامتحانات الثانويه بمرحلتيها الاولى والثانيه 2012   الثلاثاء يناير 31, 2012 3:58 am

21- English and its importance (Learning Foreign Languages)
English is an integral part of your personality, your character and yourself. You can no more get rid of it than your shadow. Knowledge of good English enables you to communicate with foreign friends and countries. It enables you to find a better job because it helps you express yourself and deal with tourists freely.
We cannot cope with the technological renaissance without learning how to use the computer and internet so learning English is a must. When you are armed withـ English, you can understand what is going on around you and you can deal with the knowledge explosion easily without any fear.
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22 ' Electricity and its importance
Thanks to modem inventions and discoveries our life became easy and smooth. What is electricity? It's the mysterious power which is produced by various means e.g. by batteries or generators which provide us with heat, light and sound. It drives machines and different kinds of devices. The progress, man achieves, depends basically on it. Electricity helps man increase production because it drives our factories. It gives us peace because it illuminates our streets, houses, and schools.We can generate electricity from waterfalls, wind and the atomic power as well as the sun. It's a clean and cheap source of energy. Awareness should be spread to cut down its consumption we have to be thankful to God who gives us the blessing of thinking which led man to the use of electricity because its advantages are endless.
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23 - Women's role in our society
We all have rights and duties, so we mustn't forget the work of women in the Egyptian society because they form 50% of Egypt's population. They can work as teachers, doctors, social workers and many others. Women mustn't forget that bringing up children is their first aim to create sound individuals, able to shoulder their responsibilities .so we can't ignore her role in the progress of Egypt. Without all people's help women and men, we wouldn't achieve the expectations of the new millennium,
*************************************************************************************************************24- Money is a good servant but a bad master
No one can deny that money is a mixed blessing. in other words, it is a good servant but a bad master. On the one hand, money helps us to get all our needs but we should not earn it in a dishonest way. With the help of money problems can be solved. Money makes money and with money people can lead a comfortable life.
On the other hand money is the root of all evils. For the sake of getting money some people deceive, kill and commit crimes. Wars are waged and thousands of people are killed because of money.
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25- The duties of young people towards their parents.
It is taken for granted hat we owe much to our parents who looked after us
when we were young. They did their best to provide us with food, clothing, shelter and education. They sat up beside our beds when we were ill. They spared no pains to give us the best start in life. So it is our duty to love and respect them.We have to take their advice and obey their orders .since they have experienced life with its ups and downs. It is also our duty to help them in every possible way. We can do the shopping and help them at home. When they grow old, it is our turn to repay their kindness. We should look after them and provide them with every possible comfort. It is truly said that a good turn deserves another.
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26" Prevention is better than cure
A friend of mine lived in the country. He used to swim and wash himself in the small canal near our village. Many times, I saw him and advised him not to do so to protect himself from Bilharzias but he wasn't listening. He repeated what he was doing for many years until he was ill. A doctor examined him and found that Bilharzias had attacked his liver and other organs of his body. He became ill with worry, weak and pale. He took the required medicine, which cost him a lot of money. I met him later and when he saw me, smiled and said, you were right, prevention is better that cure.
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27-Public Libraries / Reading For All
Never can the importance of reading be denied especially in the age of information technology.The first lady of Egypt realized that fact long before, that's why she launched the call, Reading for All, many years ago. In order to achieve this goal, she called for a library for each house. The government built a lot of public libraries in both rich and poor areas giving a particular attention to children and their needs.The second stage was the moving libraries to serve the children in remote and poor districts. especially in the summer holiday and weekends. Thanks to Mrs. Suzan Mubarak, free reading is now available for every man, every woman, and every child all over Egypt
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28-Made in Egypt / Protecting local products
One should be proud of his country and its local products..Our local products are usually cheaper than the imported ones and sometimes better. In addition, buying our local products creates job opportunities for our youth and brings hard currency اwhich need to import our need.
There is no doubt that our products have the Egyptian tastewhich appeals to us and
Cope with our nature and way of living . Not only this but also
they best cope with our hot and humid weather, with our habits of eating and doing the daily work. Finally, buying our local products increases our national income and raise our standard of living.
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29" Pros and cons of Advertisements
Every time you watch an interesting movie or a video film, ads pop out on the screen to cut the flow of events and get you out of your mood. Ads are also likely to strengthen the time of the movie that you get too bored to watch the end. Sometimes they are vulgar to be watched by the whole family.On the other hand, ads bring a lot of money which encourages TV companies to buy new films and pay money to broadcast football matches. This in turn motivates يحفز production companies to produce more films and programmes of all kinds to sell to private and space channels which buy them to attract more viewers.As for us, ads help us to choose the goods we need easily without spending much time and efforts looking at shop windows here and there.
30'- Political Reform in Egypt / Democracy in Egypt
No doubt that president Mubarak is the pioneer of the recent political renaissance in Egypt.He started the political reform since the very beginning of his ruling era. He gave orders to release the political prisoners shortly after he had received the power. Then, he called all the Egyptians to take part in the political life freely through any political party. In his era the freedom of press law was issued. He called all journalists to publish facts and truth with respect to the rights of others. Finally he called the people's assembly to issue a new law enabling others to nominate themselves to hold the post not after him but from him if they were elected by the Egyptian people. Now we all feel the changes that will end with free practice to democracy in Egypt.
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31'- Bird Flu
Epidemics spread like fire, in a few months the Bird Flue swept all the boundaries of the old world, From China in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The disease caused a lot of horror not only to poultry merchants and breeders but also the mere, poor customers who depend mainly on chickens as their source of Protein. In Egypt the industry of poultry production has nearly come to an end. Farms have been closed. Poultry shops had to change their activity after the great loss they suffered. The government estimated the lossق to be nearly six milliard LE. The government tried to compensate those who have been much affected by this catastrophe to save the Egyptian economy from certain disaster.Finally, we also have a duty to limit the effects of this disease through keeping hygiene and public sanitary, checking up home poultry regularly, getting rid of the affected birds in a scientific way and heading to the doctor's in case of tiny doubt.
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32- Swine flu
The 2009 outbreak of influenza (H1N1) virus or "swine flu" is an epidemic of a new type of influenza virus identified in April 2009. It's caused by a new swine flu virus that has changed in ways that allow it to spread from person to person and it's happening among people who haven't had any contact with pigs. Cases were first discovered in the U.S. . Within days hundreds of suspected cases, some of them fatal, were discovered in Mexico. More cases were found in the U.S. and several other countries in the Northern Hemisphere. The U.N.'s World Health Organization (WHO) expressed concern that the (H1N1) could become a worldwide flu pandemic. Symptoms of swine flu are like regular flu symptoms and include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, body aches, headache, chills, and fatigue
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33 -'English and The Internet
The importance of the Internet grows rapidly in all fields of human life, including not only research and education but also marketing and trade as well as entertainment and hobbies. This implies that it becomes more and more important to know how to use Internet services and, as a part of this, to read and write English. But although Internet services themselves are, generally speaking, easy to learn and use, you will find yourself isolated on the Internet if you are not familiar with English. This means that knowledge or lack of knowledge of English is one of the most severe factors that cause interest . Learning to use a new Internet service or user interface may take a few hours, a few days, or even weeks, but it takes years to learn a language so that you can use it in a fluent and self-confident manner. Of course, when you know some English, you can learn more just by using it on the Internet. So, English and the internet became one face of a coin.
************************************************************************************************************* 34 - Egypt planning nuclear energy project
The 21st Century will be the century of nuclear energy, for widely known reasons: the rising costs of petroleum and gas, and the fact that they are limited, and the proven safety and efficiency of nuclear technology. Egypt currently relies largely on oil and gas for electricity generation, sources that are both expensive and insufficient for the needs of a fast-growing population. With the recent rise in oil and gas prices the government is losing billions of dollars annually in fuel subsidies. Consequently, We must take more advantage of new and renewable energy sources, including the peaceful uses of nuclear energy for civilian purposes.
For this, it has become the responsibility of Egypt toward its future generations to start, now and not tomorrow, reviewing its decision to suspend its nuclear programs. So President Mubarak took a landmark decision in Egypt's history. He called for Egypt to revive plans for a nuclear programs that were shelved in theaftermath of the 1986 disastrous accident at the Soviet nuclear plant in Chernobyl. Egypt will begin building three nuclear power plants soon. Within 10 years of the project's launch, Egypt will have operational nuclear power plants with a combined capacity of 1,800 megawatts. Nuclear power could help Egypt better manage its power resources.
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انفجار الاسعار
We all now suffer from the high rise in prices , this problem is due to a world crisis in food , it is a very dangerous problem , countries must face this problem and put urgent solutions , people must increase production , For government employees the country must raise their salaries , on the other hand those employees must work harder , authorities must keep an eye on the market , they mustn't allow greedy traders to drive prices higher . Due attention must be paid to this matter and never be neglected as it is very serious .
احداث الشغب / العنف

No one can deny the bad effects of violence on man and development , it is the attitude that makes us always lose and never gain anything , it turns any society to ruins, violence is a very bad solution for our crisis, there must be other ways to settle disputes, riot leads to destruction and havoc , security is necessary for thinking and work, but violence creates a state of instability and unrest , . Due attention must be paid to this matter and never be neglected as it is very serious


The dramatic rises in world food prices, created a global crisis, and this caused political and economical instability and social unrest in both poor and developed nations.
global food prices have risen by 75% since 2000, while wheat prices have increased by 200%. The cost of other staplesسلع رئيسية such as rice ,corn and soya bean have also gone crazy, The increasing cost of grains حبوب is also pushing up the price of meat, poultryدواجن, eggs and dairy products.
There are many reasons for the worldwide increases in food prices , first of all droughts in grain producing nations and rising oil prices which heightened the costs of fertilizers, and food transport,. Other causes may be the increasing use of biofuels in developed countries , and the world population explosion These factors, coupled with falling world food stockpilesالاحتياطى العالمى and plunged يقحم humanity into the biggest crisis of the 21st century it is the crises of Food scarcity نقص ندرة which will lead millions of people to face hunger and starvation
High prices have already prompted a string of food protests and riots in different parts of the world, If prices keep rising, more and more people around the world will be unable to afford the food they need to stay alive,. More food riots will flare up تشتعل, and millions of people could die




Terrorism is a dangerous problem, violence is a very bad solution for our crisis, some youth are misled by some wrong believes , they resort to violence to achieve their goals, and all that leads to destruction and havoc , it impedes the way of development, terrorism turns any society to ruins , when the youth are under the effects of ignorance and unemployment, they are more subjected to destructive believes , if we want peace to prevail , we must solve all the problems that may drive people to terrorism.

No one can deny the bad effects of wars on man and development , it is the attitude that makes us always lose and never gain anything , it creates a state of instability and unrest ,security is necessary for thinking and work, the waste resources used in wars can be used in development , peace is more appealing to both body and soul , there must be other ways to settle disputes, wars produce nothing but underdevelopment .




Technological progress enabled man to satisfy all his needs and improve his services , The underground metro is a good example for that , it is indeed a great blessing , it is the fastest , most comfortable and cheap means of transport ,it is fast as there is no traffic crowdedness, it is comfortable as it is clean and not so crowded , the Egyptian metro is the only project in the Middle East area, it is expected to extend to many other regions, one day it may reach the upper Egypt areas,


Moving the statue of Ramses is a great cultural event , that took place lately , that statue was standing there as a witness to the age for long years ,I imagine that the statue had a feeling of home sick now , there was, in my opinion , some kind of rapport between the statue and the place in which it was standing. the process of moving it took great efforts , money and time , it is taken to another place to turn a new leaf ,


The invention of the television is one of the greatest activities of man’s mind .TV plays an important part in our life , it turned our world to a small village , you can see and hear any event wherever it happens. it helps us also to pass a good time , we can benefit from it in our study , it shows a lot of programs in different fields ,


There is no doubt that peace is the dream of all nations, Peace means security and safety ,it is necessary for thinking and work, wars results in damage, ruin, hunger and diseases .In wars no side is winner , but both sides lose a lot , all disputes must be solved in peaceful means , with peace the wheel of production always goes on, peace creates a peaceful atmosphere that enables citizens to work for their progress and welfare, the expenses of wars can be used in reconstruction and development

If you look at the way how you can move from a place to another , or how to move something from a place to another, you will see a great difference between now and the past , long years ago man depended mainly on horses and donkeys now there are roads and railways, thanks to the means of transport the products of any part of the world can be enjoyed everywhere .people use various forms of local transportation like buses and cars, there are also carts and carriages, the underground is fast , cheap and clean , planes also can fly to any part of the world


Newspapers are read by people everywhere in the world , newspapers for some people are the main source of information, they provide us with the latest news , it is the way through which we know what is happening around us , newspapers are windows through which we look and see the pulse نبض of the street , they are the voice of the nation reflecting the opinions of the day , no one can do without newspapers .


School subjects are televised for the benefit of all students everywhere, These lessons are well designed , they are delivered by the best educators, this service is presented in suitable times , they help students get the best marks in all subjects, the educational programmes are explained with very good visual aids , and films , that makes the lessons easier for the students to understand, we should get the best use of these educational programmes .


Globalization is a new system that has appeared recently , it means that the world is one entity , this system forces every country to do its best to improve , they must keep in touch with the latest global developments . Globalization means that all the world has become a small village, in which nothing is behind the clouds. In globalization modern technology facilitates communication and reaction among the different nations of the world .



As a result of the new communication and mass media systems, the world has become a small village , Nowadays you can go round the world while you are at home , you just log onto the internet and you can orbit the world in minutes, thanks to the great communication progress , the whole world is now opened to our eyes and ears. Moreover, the mass media role has made various social changes in the way people live or act.





Some years ago , women stayed at home , they had only to obey their parents and husbands blindly , they had no rights , they were not allowed to complete their education ,they were often illiterate, they didn’t know how to take care of their families . Nowadays they have nearly all their rights , they are free to choose the kind of education they want , and the kind of life they want . Now they join universities and take part in all aspects of life .




Illiteracy impedes the way of development , no progress can be achieved by illiterate people , illiteracy is spread among people of poor communities , it is associated with poverty , people who can’t read or write hardly have any job, they always depend on the others to lead their life we consider them passive citizens, meanwhile the educated person is always independent , he can work and develop his community, the government are always trying to solve this problem throughout the plan to educate the illiterate especially in the countryside areas .





No one can deny the importance of Egypt’s role, it plays a vital role in the Middle East area, it has been always the meeting ground of east and west, Egypt calls for peace based on justice , Egypt has got a fixed policy towards the outer issues , President Mubarak does his best for peace to prevail in the Middle East area, he works hard to solve the Palestinian issue in peaceful means , Egypt are always working hard to create an atmosphere of tolerance and cooperation.


No one can doubt the important role of scientists in our lives. Their discoveries and inventions help man to lead a better life , the TV , for example, has turned our world to a small village , you can see and hear any event wherever it happens. In medicine the medical field has been largely improved , the man now can live longer and healthier. we have sources of heat and energy to protect us from cold and darkness, In agriculture , scientists do their best to produce better crops and increase the productivity خصوبة of land . In industry they improved the ways of manufacturing to get good ,clean and cheap products ,


Tomorrow’s world will be completely different from what is now , computers will change our ways of living , they may solve most problems that threatens man’s life , robots will do the dirty work at homes , they can also do very complicated operations in hospitals , our life wll be more comfortable , man will witness miracles in all fields of life , all impossible things today will be possible tomorrow.


How can we benefit from our spare times especially during our leisure time The summer holiday- for example is the time of ease and rest , but we can do some things during that period that are useful to our society , for example ,we can take part in teaching those who lack schooling in most our villages, youth can also participate in reclaiming the desert , they can take part in the town’s cleaning , and controlling the traffic at big towns, as for women , they can cultivate girls and women in villages , then we will feel more rest and comfortable as we served our country .



Sport is very important in our life , it plays a vital role in forming a person’s character, Sportsmen are always fit and strong .It is a means to make good understanding and harmony among nations. Football is considered the most popular game all over the world. our national team got the African Cup of Nations, they won competition,. They honoured Egypt and all the Arabs . this victory is due to hard wok and sleepless nights , we wish our country more success and progress .

No one can deny the importance of advertisements in the field marketing, Goods depends largely on how to present it to the consumers ,and here comes the role of advertisements which are of many kinds , there are posters which can be put in streets and on walls , there are also electronic boards in squares , we can see some kinds of advertisements on TV and on the radio , newspapers are also a way to advertise some kinds of goods and services ,
Naguib Mahfouz

Naguib Mahfouz was one of the most important writers ,his writings affected the cultural life in Egypt and the Arab world, most of his masterworks were translated into many languages, Half of his novels have been made into films. He was born in Cairo in 1911, he began writing when he was seventeen. His first novel was published in 1939, Mahfouz was employed as a civil servant in many posts ,
. He wrote no fewer than thirty novels, more than a hundred short stories, and more than two hundred articles.. In Egypt, each new publication is regarded as a major cultural event .
Avian influenza
(Birds flu )

Birds flu is an infection that occurs among birds such as chickens and ducks , it makes them very sick , it leads them to death , it can convey the infection to man and cause him to die , the most serious problem is that the infection has spread rapidly . Birds flu has affected one of the most important sources of food and business for man . Great efforts must be done to face that danger , the authorities must offer correct antivirus ,the mass media must spread the awareness of how to Treat with the infected cases .
Pollution

Pollution is one of the most serious problems we face nowadays ,it leads to fatal results for all the living things The land , the sea and the air, all have been polluted by smoke from factroies, cars , ships and chemicals, pollution, spoils our environment , scientists are working hard to solve this problem, on the other side we must work hard to keep our environment pure and clean , we can plant trees and find other clean sources of energy . Pollution is the enemy that we must get rid of soon .
Smoking
There is no doubt that smoking is a fatal habit, it is connected with a lot of deadly diseases , the victims of smoking exceeds the number of the victims of wars and accidents ,it is a main cause of lung cancer heart and chest diseases , smokers don’t only destroy themselves but also the people around them , they are called passive smokers. The mass media must play a role to protect our youth and future.


Sport is very important in our life , it plays a vital role in forming a person’s character, Sportsmen are always fit and strong , sport builds body and mind , it protects us from getting fat and keeps us healthy , the sportsmen are always away from drugs or addiction , practising sport is a good way to spend your free time, sport teaches us courage and cooperation ,


Travelling abroad is very useful , it enables us to see different cultures, it helps us learn new manners of life , people travel abroad for many reasons , they travel for language , experience , knowledge , money , or for pleasure, To travel abroad is better than to stay in one place , but we mustn’t imitate everything blindly , we must choose what goes with our traditions and values .




Tourism is considered to be one of the most important sources of the national income , it offers jobs for a large number of young people , tourists come to Egypt from everywhere to see our glorious history , they enjoy our sights and nice weather. They visit the pyramids and the Sphinx , they enjoy the sunny beaches of the Red Sea , they also visit the historical places in Luxor and Aswan , they enjoy the hospitality of the Egyptian people, tourism offers us a lot of hard currency so we must encourage tourism with all possible means .




At the beginning of the third millenium we have great hopes . Depending on the development of medicine , we hope to see the end of the serious diseases, we expect this millennium to be the end of wars , we hope to enjoy the everlasting peace .Thanks to modern technology our life is better and more comfortable ,.In this new millennium we hope that the scientific progress will certainly solve a lot of problems , and be able to reveal most of the mysterious secrets .



Energy is essential for living things as it allows them to move about , grow and develop . it also makes machines work . Most of the energy used today in homes and industries comes from fossil fuels which have been formed from the decayed animals and plants millions of years ago . This sort of fuel is non- renewable, the energy from the sun , the wind , the water the heat of rocks and even from rubbish is renewable , this sort of fuel may last for ever


Food crisis is One of the most dangerous problems , some places in the world are suffering from hunger, the shortage of food causes the death of both man and animals ,Even plants starve because of lack of water, a hungry world is never a peaceful world , hungry people are never satisfied. There should be food for all people if we want peace and stability , the world must do something to solve the problem of food


The invention of computer is one of the greatest activities of man’s mind , it has got a powerful memory , The computer has the power to calculate and do very complicated problems very quickly , they rarely make mistakes , they are widely used in all fields, scientists use them in their researches, they provide doctors with a lot of facts that help them in heir work , without computers many of our technological inventions would be impossible .

The problem of over population is the problem of the hour , it is a danger that faces our society , the huge increase in population swallow every increase in production , we can solve this problem by going to the desert , we can build new houses there, awareness should be spread in the field of family control , we hope to overcome the bad effects of over population ,we should work together society and government to find the best solutions that save us the troubles of hunger and unemployment .


Education is the mirror of any society .During the reign of president Mubarak, Egypt has achieved great progress in the field of education .Modern technology has been introduced to most schools ,laboratories also and libraries were provided, and all facilities that help learners make their learning better. President Mubark also gave his instructions to improve the financial state of teachers throughout putting new financial cadre for them as he completely believes that improving the position of teachers is the first step on the way of the educational development
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No one can deny that president Mubarak is a great leader . From the very start he began his efforts for the good of Egypt in all fields , he always does his best to develop the economical, social, agricultural, industrial and educational fields , he gave due care to setting up new cities , he wanted to put an end to overcrowdedness .Housing and unemployment were also problems he wanted to solve .Desert reclamation is an important issue that took his main care. Moreover Mubark of Egypt played an important role for peace to prevail all over the world especially in the middle east area.

Alex. Library

The old library of Alex. Was set up in 290 AD to be the meeting ground of the world cultures , and to have all the human thought , long years passed and we set up the new library , it represents knowledge , culture and art, and all the foundations of peace and progress. the new library is considered a treasure for the coming generations , it carries the the spirit of the past and the light of the future , The Arab – co operative market

The idea to have the Arab market is a noble idea , it is a wonderful step on the way of the Arab investment . Egypt is trying hard to achieve this dream , it will support the economy integration of the Arabs , it will help them to face all the challenges of the new world , this market is to activate trade among the Arab countries , it is a strong weapon to face the new world conglomerations تكتلات



The invention of the mobile phone is one of the greatest activities of man’s mind , it helps you to phone anyone at any time and at anywhere, it also enables businessmen to do their work while sitting at home , it enables you to send messages ,you can also log onto the internet , some phones have cameras which enable you to take pictures at any time ,on the other hand, this phone causes some medical troubles , but scientists are working hard to decrease these bad effects .
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How to keep in a good health
Fancy holding my pen to write about this topic ! Wow ! I am sure that everyone will tackle it from a different angle, but I will focus on the main points. What are the various ways through which people can keep good health and fitness ? The answer to this question needs elaboration. To begin with, I'd like to say that there are simple things which help us to be healthy and physically fit. For example, walking for an hour every day is a priceless and easy exercise. It strengthens our muscles. In addition to that, it renews the cells of our bodies. It is also known that practicing a sport like football or tennis renews our energy and refreshes our minds.

I reveal no secret when I say that going to bed early and sleeping for eight hours a day is of great value. We should also eat healthy food containing proteins and vitamins. We mustn't drink wine as it causes serious diseases. We shouldn't drink too much tea or coffee either. Finally, I'd like to point out that what I have just written about this interesting topic is just like adding a drop of water to
The ocean !
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The importance of scientific research

No one can deny the role which the scientific research plays in our life. The improvement of agriculture, industry and medicine achieved in the last centuries was the result of scientific research. Scientific researchers have an important role in solving our problems. There’s no doubt that scientific research plays an essential part in developing our society.
The governments, wealthy businessmen and big companies encourage scholars and researchers. They provide them with the necessary funds الموارد, They equipment the laboratories to carry out their researches. It is no doubt that scientific research is the cause of progress and prosperity.

Development of Education in Egypt


During the reign of President Mubarak, Egypt has achieved great progress in the field of education. Modern technology is introduced in the schools all over Egypt. All schools are nowadays provided with modern laboratories and libraries. Pupils are trained in using computers and log-going on to the internet .
According to the Mubarak kool Project, an agreement is issued between Egypt and Germany to provide the industrial Egyptian schools with the most up-to date techniques, machinery and equipment. I think it is a step forward to achieve progress which we aspire.


Our hopes in the third millennium

At the beginning of the third millennium, we have great hopes. Depending on the great development in the field of medicine, we hope to see the end of the serious diseases. We expect this millennium to be the end of wars, and hope to enjoy everlasting peace.
With the great progress in technology, we are sure to be able to solve our problems. Modern inventions and energy saving appliances and equipment will certainly make our life more comfortable. Scientific research is making great progress in various fields and science will reveal their secrets.





Modern technology plays an important role in the progress of many aspects: industry, agriculture, education, medicine and surgery. By applying technology, modern means of transport are faster, safer and more comfortable. Technology has enabled us to launch satellites
Modern means of communication enable us to get in touch with anybody in any place all over the world. Through the computer we can log onto the internet and surf the Web to get any information we need in any field of knowledgeThanks to modern technology our life became more comfortable and easier
Computers have become one of the necessities of our modern life. A computer has a perfect memory which can store thousands of data items on its hardware or on compact disks and C.Ds.
Through the computer, we can log on to the internet web to obtain any information we need, Thus the computer can help students to learn and do researches, and type and print their papers and theses in the world of business, the computer is used for sending and receiving e-mails and faxes. It is even used for shopping and selling through the Internet. Computer games are very popular among the young and the adults as an interesting means of entertainment.




Pollution is one of the double blessings of modern life. For example, modern means of transport enable man to travel comfortably and fast to any part of the world. Yet, trains, buses, trucks, cars, ships and aero-planes pollute the air with the smoke. Moreover, they cause sound pollution with their sirens horns and the noise of their engines.
In order to reduce the pollution and keep the environment cleaner, scientists made researches and produced fuels without lead additives. New laws are issued banning using harmful chemicals in food production. Planting more trees and fixing efficient filters to industrial factory will help to purify the air and keep the environment clean.




It is said that the youth are “half the present and all the future”. This is really true because the youth of today will be the men of tomorrow. If we don’t find them jobs, they would be idle and a burden on society. They can work under the hardest conditions in the deserts or in very cold climates
It is our duty to create job opportunities for them by carrying out different project which enables doctors, engineers, accountants, farmers to find jobs that suit their abilities and skills.
Even those who are not fit for a certain job can go through different conversion training courses to learn new professions.

Great achievements made in Egypt

Many great achievements have been made in Egypt during the twentieth century. The building of the High Dam South of Aswan was the greatest achievement carried out in the life of Gamal Abdel Nasser. Many other useful projects have been carried out for the good and welfare of the Egyptian people. Thousands of factories were set up to employ thousands of workers and increase the production.
During the reign of President Mubarak, great progress has been achieved in the fields of school ,university ,computer and technology.
Two satellites, Nile sat 1 and 2 are now on orbit. In the field of transport, two underground lines were carried out for the first time in the Middle East and Arab world. The Toshka Project is a great achievement that will use the surplus Nile flood water to reclaim thousands of feddans



The Best Qualities of a Good Friend


In fact man can't live alone. He needs to live with other , but we should be very careful when we choose our friends .The true friend helpful indeed because "A friend in need is a friend indeed"
The true friend is always ready to help his friends and those who are in need .The true friend should also be truthful and honest .He should keep secret and never tell lies .He shouldn't be selfish . Finally we can say that a true friend is as precious as gold .

The job you would like to have when u finish school.


When I finish school I’d like to join the Faculty of Engineering as I’d like to be an architect. I admire modern buildings and our country is in need of constructing thousands of buildings to provide comfortable housing for the youthful families in the new cities. By designing new original houses provided with the modern commodities. I’ll be able to share in solving the problem of the increasing population. I’ll design and build suitable comfortable homes to accommodate for the youth.

Different types of tourism


Tourism is an important source of national income in Egypt. There are different types of tourism which attract tourists to our country. The most common type is travelling for pleasure and relaxation. Tourists from cold countries in Europe, America and Asia come to Egypt in winter to enjoy our warm weather.
Medical tourism also has its resources in Egypt such as the natural hot water springs in El Eein El sokhna, Sinia and the Oases, which cure rheumatism .Some tourists come for adventure and exploration and go hunting wild animals and birds in Sinai, the West Desert, El Fayoum and the Oases. Many International and Arab conferences are held in Egypt where five star hotels, conference halls and centres accommodate for the attendants.

“The advantages and disadvantages of travelling abroad”


Travelling abroad has many advantages. By travelling to other countries, we see and learn a lot about many things, which we would have known nothing about, if we had stayed at home. Many students and scholars travel abroad to learn in the famous European and American Universities Besides many sick people travel for treatment in medical resorts and specialized hospitals abroad.
Thousands of young men travel abroad on business to make money.
Travelling abroad helps the youth to depend on themselves and gain self-reliance.
On the other hand travelling abroad has disadvantages. Homesickness in one of them. Another disadvantage is the possibility of gaining some bad habits which don’t cope with our Egyptian traditions and customs.


Living in the new cities.

Living in a new city has many advantages. New cities usually consist of different modern types of buildings, blocks of flats and villas surrounded with gardens. Flats in the new cities are normally cheaper than those in the old cities. In a new city, the streets are wide and well paved. The air is fresh and free from pollution as there are many lovely parks. You can easily find places for you children in the newly built schools.
New shops and supermarkets will provide the tenantsالسكان with all their needs at normal prices. Modern means of transport link the city with the surrounding cities and the capital. Last but not least, living in a new city is a good chance to make new friends.

Hard work leads to success

No one can deny that hard work is the golden key to success. Work is the only way to achieve our hopes in life, so we must do our best to get what we want .Those who work honestly reach success easily .Any society whose individuals work hard and honestly achieve great progress.
On the other side lazy people can't achieve success and fail in life.They don't work hard but wait for success to come to them.
Last but not least we must work hard and encourage other people to exert great effort to be successful in life.

Unhealthy habits


Unhealthy habits are harmful to the person himself and to those around him.. Smoking is one of the most popular bad habits. It leads to coughing, heavy breathing and cancer the smoker becomes an addict, a slave to the cigarette. Drinking much tea or coffee may lead to insomnia and affect the nerves.
Drinking alcohol spirits makes the person drunk and he becomes an alcoholic who can’t stop the habit which spoils his liver.
To be healthy, wealthy and wise one should avoid falling a victim of any unhealthy bad habit.

The Role of the Egyptian Woman in developing our society


The Egyptian woman plays an important part in developing our society. I think that the wise saying which says: “behind every great man there’s a woman that backs him up”, applies well the Egyptian woman
The Egyptian woman has already achieved her prestige in the high society. She occupies top positions and posts. There’s a woman teacher, doctor, engineer, lawyer, police officer, businesswoman, manager, banker and ever a minister. Mrs. Susan Mubarak, the President’s wife, leads the progress of the Egyptian woman in the field of social work and participates practically in solving our social problems

Money can buy a lot of things but not everything


Money is very important to us. Without money we can’t live. People work hard and do their best to earn as much money as they can. With enough money people can get what they need. Some people think that money can buy any thing and everything but they are mistaken. There are things that money can’t buy.
Money can’t buy health or happiness. Money can’t buy real spontaneous love. With a lot of money a wealthy person may get pretended love and flattery but not real faithful love from the heart.

The importance of reading


Reading books aims at filling the youth’ s leisure time with what benefits them and develop their lingual and cultural wealth. Reading is an interesting mean of spending leisure time and it adds more to our information We have to care for reading at schools and universities. Good books are treasures of human knowledge, wisdom and experience Therefore the government has established many libraries as Alex’s which provided with a lot of books and high technology .
It is the duty of teachers to encourage pupils to read much and develop the habit of reading among them. Mass media should throw the light on reading and its effect on society. Without reading our life would be dull and hard.




One of the main advantages of computers that let you get a lot of information. They let you communicate very quickly , by e-mail or using the internet . children enjoy using computers and this makes learning more exciting and interesting . Anther advantage is the large amounts of information can be stored on computers . Some factory jobs are now done by robots which are controlled by computers .
On the other hand on of the disadvantages of computers is that some children spend too much time playing computer games and thus they waste their time .
Last but not least whatever the drawbacks we cannot do without computers . indeed they have become part and parcel of our existence



Tourism is considered one of the most important earner of foreign currency and nation income tourists spend a lot of hard currency during their stay in Egypt . Tourists like to visit Egypt to enjoy the sun shine and the wonderful historic places . they like to visit the Citadel , the Pyramids , Luxor and Aswan . they like to see our modern renaissance as well . we should do our best to encourage tourists to visit us again and again . we should establish cheap hotels and tourist villages along our shores .





Though learning through the internet has it comfortable attitude , it really has its drawbacks. It shouldn't be the main means of learning and acquiring different types of information. It keeps a student away from the class teacher with whom he discusses the lesson till he is quite convinced, and also from his classmates with whom he participates in the discussion and gets benefit from it.
Besides, students would be able to practise school activities in the different areas. Moreover going to school, and spending a school day there, gives a student the opportunity to express himself in real life situations and find solutions to problems which he might face.




Learning takes place at every moment. We learn all through our lives. The Chinese say that learning takes place from birth to the grave. This shows that learning is a continuous process.
We learn to be fit for the future. We learn to get interesting jobs. We also learn to keep us busy if we have other aims in learning. We learn to develop professionally. We learn to acquire the skill necessary for our future careers. Since the society is all the time changing, so our learning must also develop to keep up with the changing conditions of society.. Life long learning goes hand in hand with self learning.





Camping means living away from home depending on yourself to satisfy your needs. Camps teach us co-operation, self-reliance and love of help to those who need it. Summer camps which suit students most as they are free during the summer.
In schools and at universities there are societies which organize such camps. There are daily camps, weekly camps and even whole summer camps are useful not only to the person but also to the society at large. If we pay attention to camps, we can keep our youth busy make them grow healthy and keep them away from bad habits.





Every country had its own traditions, customs, feasts and happy occasions. We must keep them because they make us different from other peoples of the world. In Egypt, we have religious, national and personal traditions. We have religious feasts which people keep apart from the religious meaning of the feast, children are most happy because it means new clothes. Much pocket money and free time.
National feasts commemorate those who sacrificed their lives, comfort and time for the safety of the country. In fact, national occasions elevate people to the rank of saints. If we just look at the monument of the unknown soldier. We will realize how many people have died as martyrs for their country.


As a matter of fact the number of population is increasing rapidly. There will be a shortage of food unless we increase the area of cultivated.
Reclaiming the desert and changing it into green lands leads to raising the standard of living and puts an end to many of our present problem.
The government does its best to solve the problem of irrigation because agriculture is considered an important source of our national income and hard currency. Reclaiming the desert and increasing the agricultural production help the state to carry out a lot of important projects .


In fact , good health is a valuable thing , a healthy person is always capable of performing well . when you are healthy you are able to go to your work on time . practising exercises is necessary for you to build a strong body . One should avoid the bad habits that cause diseases and destroy health . For example a smoker should give up smoking that causes heart and lung diseases . It is better for a person to prevent himself from disease to seek for cure . We should follow that proverb saying “ prevention is better than cure




Energy has a lot of sources , no doubt the sources of energy divided into renewable and non-renewable . Each of them is very important for us . non-renewable fuels which come from fossil fuels are essential in our daily life because our life depend on them such as petrol and gas which use at homes and factories ,but these sources will run out one day but Allah gives us a lot of sources of energy which last forever such as sun ,wind and water .energy is a gift from Allah so we should save our energy

In the past most societies were male dominated, women were completely deprived of practising their rights , especially the political rights . Women suffered a lot from illiteracy and even gender discrimination. She was not allowed to take part in any social activities or even to express herself freely. She was greatly humiliated and oppressed by man.
At present women asserted all her right including her political rights. They have struggled hard and bitterly to assert such rights and to be treated on an equal footing with man. At present women participate actively in all social and environmental projects .




No doubt , unemployment is a very serious problem in our society . a lot of university graduates cannot find a job after graduation . Now, we have an army of unemployed youth . Such an army could destroy our society if the problem remained unsolved . Some sociologists say that one of the main causes of terrorism and addiction is the problem of unemployment .
A lot of unemployed youth joined terrorist group as a protection against the policy of the state in the field of economy. Thus, unless we helped our youth to start a good life ,they would form a threat to the structure of our society. Finally , the government should be more serious in solving the problem of unemployment




There is no doubt that addiction is a very serious problem in our society . it threatens our youth and destroys their lives Addiction leads some bad people to commit crimes. They kill people and rob banks to get money . they spread fear among citizens and cause great danger to our society .
Therefore , the state works hard to put an end to this serious problem . It struggles against drug-sellers and puts them into prison to protect the society from their evils. Besides, it makes awareness programmes to save our youth from this epidemic .






The youth should first work hard to achieve success. Wishes and dreams all that depend on their struggle . When they graduate from their universities they have duties towards their society . They can share in the social work by working in the co-operative field. The government carries out many projects to let them to share as they can share in abolishing illiteracy in our villages.
They can take part in reclaiming the desert to increase food production. We couldn’t forget that our state opened its training center to train graduations on modern technology and offered job opportunities for them . They can join the army to defend their country in case there is war.

برجراف متوقع هذا العام 2011 ((مصر بعد مبارك ))

Egypt after Mubarak
Egyptians have bravely shown the world how a peaceful revolution can drive positive political change. It is now time to revolutionise the way we deal with each other by creating positive cultural change in Egypt.
If we want to truly be a decent and civil society, let us live the true meaning of dignity and respect for all humankind. Let us also abandon the previous ills in our country, ills in the form of littering our streets, spitting in public and burning trash in residential areas, driving dangerously, not waiting our turn in public lines, and giving or accepting bribes. Let us create order out of chaos so that we can carry out our day-to-day activities without undue stress and hardships.
From this day forward, let us hold each other accountable for the new Egypt we now need to build. Let us say, "No more injustice upon us, no more injustice towards one another, no more injustice to our beloved land Egypt". Surely then, will Egypt be able to realise its many hopes for a better today and tomorrow

Egyptian revolution has begunand is no doubt that dared to stop flooding

“Suppression breeds explosion” Don’t you agree? Well, the Egyptian nation has put up with autocracy and corruption
too long until the day has come when the suffering masses had to scream:
enough is enough!
Jan. 25th 2011 marks a turning point in Egypt’s history. Although it has been less than a month since the Egyptian revolt saw the light, the rewards are beyond belief! Our brave nation finally did it! We stood up as one and shouted out loud: ”No! “ No more corruption! No more suppression of freedom of expression! No more human rights violation! No more unemployment! No more low wages! And the list continues…
For a whole 30 years, few elites! controlled the destiny of an entire nation and cashed billions, leaving more than half the nation poor and underprivileged. Time for this suppressive government to leave! The nation has said its final word and there is no turning back! The earlier the current government realizes that, the better for the sake of everyone! But playing deaf and spreading stupid rumors about the real motives of this bold move will lead them nowhere!
The Egyptian revolution have stunt the whole world, forcing a great country like China to ban the word “Egypt” from local searches for fear the Chinese nation would follow our tracks! Positive energy is contagious!
And for the first time in the history of revolutions worldwide, a staggering 10% of the population participated in what started as a peaceful demonstration and then turned into a tragic bloodshed. Sad but true! But if you come to think about it, the exact same scenario happened in the French revolution and others. Sometimes lives must be scarified to pave the way for major breakthroughs

سلسلة المستر
إعداد أ / عطيه الخضرى
With my best wishes
لا تنسونا بالدعاء

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